District of Columbia Landlord Tenant Law - Click here to return to US Landlord
Tenant's Guide: Page 27
A landlord may not evict a tenant from a rental unit for any reason, other
than for non -payment, unless he or she has served the tenant with a valid
written notice to vacate. There are several types of notices to vacate,
which may be challenged. These are explained below.
Violations of Obligation of Tenancy
An "obligation of tenancy" refers only to those obligations, which are
contained in the written lease agreement or in the Housing Code. The
alleged violation must have occurred no more than six (6) months prior to
the issuance of the notice. The law requires a landlord to provide to the
tenant a thirty (30) day written notice, referred to as a "Notice To Correct
Or Vacate." The tenant has 30 days to correct the alleged violation. The
law allows the landlord to include in the notice a statement that if the
violations are not corrected in the thirty (30) day period, the tenant may be
evicted, after the housing provider takes the appropriate steps to secure
posses sion of the premises.
Substantial Rehabilitation, Alteration, Renovation
At times, a landlord may plan to substantially rehabilitate or renovate the
housing unit. Under these circumstances, the landlord must also provide
a notice to vacate that includes among other things the basis for the
eviction, and the minimum time to vacate. There are several other points
regarding these types of notices to vacate:
1. If the tenant is required to vacate the unit to
complete the rehabilitation, the notice shall
provide the tenants 120 days to vacate.
2. The notice shall also inform the tenant of their
right to relocation assistance. You should
check with the Housing Regulation Customer
Service Center regarding the amounts of
money that are to be provided by the landlord.
Tenant's Guide: Page 28
Many tenants express concern, regarding the reaction of landlords, when
voicing their complaints regarding alleged violations of the Housing Code
and the Rental Housing Act of 1985. Su bchapter V of the Rental Housing
Act of 1985 and Section 307 of the District of Columbia Housing
Regulations prevent landlords from taking retaliatory action against
tenants for exercising their rights as allowed by the regulations.
Retaliatory action i ncludes the following.
0 Any action by the landlord to recover
possession of the rental unit in violation of
the rules and regulations pursuant to the
District of Columbia Housing Regulations
and the Rental Housing Act of 1985.
0 Any action which would u nlawfully
increase rent, decrease services, increase
the obligation of a tenant, or constitute
undue or unavoidable inconvenience,
violate the privacy of a tenant, harass the
tenant, or reduce the quality or quantity of
0 Any refusal to honor a l ease or rental
agreement or any provision of a lease or
rental agreement, refusal to renew a lease
or rental agreement, and
0 Any other form of threat or coercion.
Tenants, who feel that a landlord has retaliated against them for
exercising their rights, should contact the Housing Regulation
Administration Customer Service Center.
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT TELEPHONE
NUMBERS AND ADDRESSES
1. Office of Director 442-8947
Department of Consumer & Regulatory Affairs
941 N. Capitol Street, N.E.
Washington, D.C. 20002
2. Office of Administrator 442-4600
Housing Regulation Administration
3. Office of the Rent Administrator 442-4610
Rental Accommodations and Conversion
Division Room 7280
4. Program Manager 442-7317
Housing Regulation and Enforcement
Division Room 7228
Code Enforcement Branch - Room 412
5. Housing Regulation Services Center 442-4610
For Rent Control Act Concerns and
Housing Code Violations
6. Office of Adjudication 442-8167
7. Rental Housing Commission 442-8949
8. Housing Business Licenses 442-4150
Business Service Division - First Floor
Business Regulation Administration
9. Certificate of Occupancy Branch 442-9470
Building and Land Regulation Administration