Ohio Landlord Tenant Law - Click here to return to US LandlordThe purpose of this site is to provide landlords and tenants with information about their responsibilities and legal rights. This site is not intended to be a substitute for professional legal advice. Because factual circumstances vary in each case, detailed legal research or opinion may be necessary to resolve any problems.
The law covers all tenants who pay rent for a place to live. The law does not apply to owner occupied condominiums; nursing homes; hotels and motels; or farm residences which are furnished and rented with at least two acres of productive land.
Tenants living in mobile homes and mobile home parks are covered by legislation similar to the Ohio Landlord-Tenant Law.
Before renting, a tenant should find out what is offered; duties they will have; utilities they will pay; and the landlord's duties.
A landlord and tenant may make any agreement that does not take away rights protected by the Landlord-Tenant Law.
A rental agreement can be as long or short as both parties wish.
A rental agreement cannot:
|allow a landlord to sue a tenant without telling the tenant.|
|contain anything unfair or unenforceable.|
|force a tenant to pay for repairs that the landlord is required to make.|
|take away the right of the tenant to sue the landlord for an injury that occurs on the premises.|
|require either the tenant or landlord to pay the other's legal fees.|
|force the tenant to give up the right to be legally evicted through a court process.|
Both the tenant and landlord have duties under the law that become part of an oral or written rental agreement.
The tenant must:
The landlord must:
In addition to duties, the law guarantees tenants and landlords specific rights.
The tenant has the right to:
|join a tenant's union to bargain with the landlord.|
|complain to a government agency about a landlord's possible violation of housing laws and regulations affecting health and safety.|
|know the name and address of the owner of the property and his agent, if there is one. The information must be in the rental agreement or be given to the tenant when he/she moves in.|
|receive at least three day's written notice before the landlord files an eviction in court.|
from the landlord when the landlord wishes to end the rental agreement
or to raise the rent (see notice required to end the tenancy).
The landlord has the right to:
|evict a tenant who does not pay rent when due.|
|evict a tenant who refuses to move after the end of the rental agreement.|
|evict a tenant who does not perform the duties in the rental agreement or those required by state law.|
|receive notice from a tenant when the tenant wants to end the rental agreement.|
TENANT REMEDIES UNDER THE LAW
If a tenant believes that a landlord has not lived up to any legal duty or has not done what is required in the rental agreement, or a governmental agency finds that the apartment is in violation of any law or regulation that could affect health and safety, the tenant can:
If the landlord does not make the repair the tenant can do any of the following:
Landlords may require a security deposit from a tenant. It is to cover any unpaid rent or damages caused by the tenant.
The landlord must return the security deposit within 30 days after the rental agreement ends and the tenant moves out. The landlord may deduct the cost of any repair for items other than normal wear and tear. All charges must be listed separately by the landlord and the list must be sent with the rest of the deposit. If the tenant does not receive the security deposit or disagrees with the deductions, the tenant may sue to get back the amount in dispute.
When the tenant gives the landlord an address to send the security deposit, and has given proper notice to end the rental agreement, the security deposit or a written explanation from the landlord must be sent within 30 days or the tenant may sue for twice the amount the landlord has kept and reasonable attorney's fees. Suits for under $2,000 may be brought in Small Claims Court without an attorney.
A landlord is permitted to request a security deposit of any size. If the landlord keeps the deposit for at least six months, the tenant must be paid interest on any part of the deposit which exceeds one month's rent. The deposit may be kept by the landlord for any unpaid rent or for damages done to the apartment.
If the tenant rents month-to-month, either the tenant or landlord can end the tenancy by giving notice 30 days before the rent is due. If the tenant rents week-to-week, either the tenant or landlord can end the tenancy by giving a seven day notice before the rent is due. The landlord can increase the rent by following the same notice procedures.
If the tenant is under a written lease for a term greater than one month, the lease ends at the end date of the lease, unless the lease states the lease will continue. Rent cannot be raised during the term of the lease.
Lockouts: A landlord may not lock a tenant out of his/her apartment, shut off the utilities, take the tenant's belongings or use force to make the tenant pay rent or leave the apartment.
Retaliation: A landlord cannot raise the rent, decrease services, or threaten to evict a tenant who asserts his or her legal rights.
Abuse of Access: A landlord cannot harass the tenant by repeatedly coming into his/her apartment.